https://www.cell.com/neuron/fulltext/S0896-6273(19)31044-X https://drive.google.com/file/d/1kNH_Dw3f0iY5YXXwV_phmLE94cv1Zj18/view?usp=drivesdk

“We argue that neural computation is grounded in brute-force direct fitting, which relies on over-parameterized optimization algorithms to increase predictive power (generalization) without explicitly modeling the underlying generative structure of the world. Although ANNs are indeed highly simplified models of BNNs, they belong to the same family of over-parameterized, direct-fit models, producing solutions that are mistakenly interpreted in terms of elegant design principles but in fact reflect the interdigitation of ‘‘mindless’’ optimization processes and the structure of the world.”