I am not aware of a single paper that discusses spatial vs. directionally sensitive sensors. There might be some. But there are easily found papers that discuss directionally sensitive sensors. E.g. I searched for “Motion detection in the retina”, found wikipedia article on “motion detection”, where I found this reference to Barlow and Levick 1965. I am sure there are many more recent papers out there.
Direction selective (DS) cells
“Direction selective (DS) cells in the retina are defined as neurons that respond differentially to the direction of a visual stimulus. According to Barlow and Levick (1965), the term is used to describe a group of neurons that “gives a vigorous discharge of impulses when a stimulus object is moved through its receptive field in one direction.” This direction in which a set of neurons respond most strongly to is their “preferred direction”. In contrast, they do not respond at all to the opposite direction, “null direction”. The preferred direction is not dependent on the stimulus—that is, regardless of the stimulus’ size, shape, or color, the neurons respond when it is moving in their preferred direction, and do not respond if it is moving in the null direction. There are three known types of DS cells in the vertebrate retina of the mouse, ON/OFF DS ganglion cells, ON DS ganglion cells, and OFF DS ganglion cells. Each has a distinctive physiology and anatomy.”
I know that similar sensors and papers exist for somatic sensors. If I were to develop this idea further, I would do a literature search on this topic, including audition. I don’t think it would be difficult to find lots of literature.